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Why did North Korea's agriculture collapse overnight

发表时间:2020-07-17 00:00

China is also a large agricultural country with a large population. Therefore, the long-term development of agriculture can guarantee the prosperity of the country.How to let agriculture can develop for a long time, so that we are worth considering!Now the clouds are gathering over the Korean Peninsula and there is a danger of imminent war, and the Chinese are worried.I am worried that war will bring disaster to China, and I am also worried for the ordinary people in North Korea, who already have no food to eat. There have been many famines. During the war, why not starve to death a large number of times?But you know what?North Korea used to be rich, and GDP growth was 25% faster than anywhere else in the world.Don't believe that this is true, in the 60 s of last century, namely, shortly after the war to resist when north Korea is known as the "far east" a miracle in the development of economy, the urbanization in north Korea is at the peak reached a staggering 70% (China's urbanization rate of 57.35% in 2016), the city all eat commodity grain, rice flour tube is enough.At the time, only 30 percent of north Koreans were farming in the countryside.With so many people farming, how can they support so many people?

Unlike China, the North Korean countryside still has slash-and-burn crops and old oxen pulling ploughs. The North Korean countryside is fully mechanized and operated by machines.A few people drove machinery to plant the land of a village, compared to the level of mechanization in China's developed agricultural areas.One might ask, where did you get agricultural machinery right after the Korean War?From the Soviet Union.The Soviet Union not only send agricultural machinery, and send oil, but also free training north Korea's agricultural machinery operators, the difference is directly to help North Korea tilling the land, North Korea's agriculture can not develop well?The Soviet Union, by the way, did this for international political reasons, to support North Korea, to give the Soviet Union a strategic pivot in East Asia to confront the United States.And while North Korea appears to have a lot of support, the aid to the tiny North was a drop in the ocean for the huge Soviet Union.North Korea's highly mechanized agriculture, which relies on chemical fertilizers and pesticides, is also called oil agriculture, which is regarded by many people as the development direction of China's agriculture today. But do you know what happened to North Korea's oil agriculture?In the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union had major political and economic implications for the world, especially for north Korea, a small country that depended on its big brother for its survival.Not to mention their industrial stagnation, agriculture alone, north Korea produces no oil, has little Soviet aid, and no foreign exchange to buy oil, and their large agricultural machinery is lying in the fields, unable to move.Fertilizer plants and pesticide plants, which depend on oil, are no longer functioning.Even if they managed to get some oil to get the agricultural machinery moving, it broke down, and Russia, the successor to the Soviet Union, refused to send parts and couldn't fix it.Can only watch the agricultural machinery, chemical fertilizer plant equipment rust, become a pile of rotten iron......North Korea's oil agriculture, in this way, overnight, completely collapsed!Agriculture failed, and in the years that followed, there was a famine in North Korea that killed a lot of people.At that time, in order to develop agriculture (or to avoid starving to death), North Korea began to reverse urbanization. Many urban residents went to the countryside to work in the fields. However, these urban residents were accustomed to living in the countryside and did not know agricultural technology.After the development of North Korea for more than 20 years, the economy slowed down a little, but the oil agriculture of North Korea could not continue, and they practiced the "military first politics" and spent all the money on national defense. The agriculture of North Korea was still half dead, and the glory was gone forever.This is the root of north Korea's misery today!Look at China today. It is still developing petroleum agriculture, mechanized farming, and relying on chemical fertilizers and pesticides to farm the land. This is not only costly, but also seriously polluted, which makes the soil level worse and worse.But to increase production, we do this by increasing mechanization, applying more fertilizer, using more pesticides, creating more toxic produce.

Can this practice continue?Even if you can just scrape it together by putting in a lot of money, have you thought about where you're going to get all that oil?China is a huge importer of oil.But China's oil imports are not very safe.Most of China's oil comes by sea from the Middle East, through the Strait of Malacca, through China's South China Sea.Singapore, which holds Malacca, is lukewarm to China. The key is the PRESENCE of American troops there, and In the South China Sea, American and Japanese warships are frequently in and out.At any time, they can hold down this oil corridor, block Chinese tankers and send China into oil panic.Can China's agricultural machinery move without oil?Can China's chemical fertilizer plants and agricultural pharmaceutical plants be reproduced?Will the urbanization we are pushing also have to be reversed, so that those of us who live in cities have to farm in the countryside?Is it possible to starve people to death?This calls for our vigilance!In fact, there is a national agricultural model that we can learn from.That's Cuba!Cuba, under sanctions from Europe and the United States for a long time, has been unable to buy oil, fertilizer and agricultural machinery, so it has to develop its agriculture in other ways.They have developed a mature ecological agriculture model, with food self-sufficiency reaching 75 percent.The Cuban countryside produces its own eco-fertiliser, plows it with cattle, returns its dung to the fields and catches its own bugs. The food not only meets its own needs, but also earns foreign exchange from exports.

Some people ask, this inefficient agricultural production, can meet the needs of the Cuban nation?Not really.But Cuba also developed another type of agriculture -- urban agriculture.In The cities of Cuba, you will find between the tall buildings are pieces of agricultural land covered with corn, peanuts, vegetables, and Cuba also stipulated that the five kilometers around the city is the urban agricultural area, and the ten kilometers is the suburban agricultural area, urban residents can go to the farm and buy vegetables.In this way, Cuba achieved 75% of its food self-sufficiency, and happily, even if any country would like to export chemical fertilizers and pesticides for import, they would not want them. The Cuban government banned chemical fertilizers and pesticides throughout the country.So, it is a good choice for big foodies to travel to Cuba.Cuban farmers earn two or three times as much as civil servants, but young people don't want to do the hard work.


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